**Chapter 1 Similarity Set 1**

**Chapter 1 Similarity Set 1**

**Question 1.Select the appropriate alternative.**

(A) ∆PQR – ∆ABC

(B) ∆PQR – ∆CAB

(C) ∆CBA – ∆PQR

(D) ∆BCA – ∆PQR

Answer:

(A) ∆PQR – ∆ABC

(B) ∆PQR – ∆CAB

(C) ∆CBA – ∆PQR

(D) ∆BCA – ∆PQR

Answer:

(B)

**ii. If in ∆DEF and ∆PQR, ∠D ≅ ∠Q, ∠R ≅ ∠E, then which of the following statements is false?**

**iii. In ∆ABC and ∆DEF, ∠B = ∠E, ∠F = ∠C and AB = 3 DE, then which of the statements regarding the two triangles is true?(A) The triangles are not congruent and not similar.(B) The triangles are similar but not congruent.(C) The triangles are congruent and similar.(D) None of the statements above is true.Answer:**

(B)

**iv. ∆ABC and ∆DEF are equilateral triangles, A(∆ABC) : A(∆DEF) = 1 : 2. If AB = 4, then what is length of DE?(A) 2√2(B) 4(C) 8(D) 4√2Answer:**

Refer Q. 6 Practice Set 1.4

(D)

**v. In the adjoining figure, seg XY || seg BC, then which of the following statements is true?(A) ABAC = AXAY(B) AXXB = AYAC(C) AXYC = AYXB(D) ABYC = ACXBAnswer:**

(A)

**Question 2.In ∆ABC, B-D-C and BD = 7, BC = 20, then find following ratios.Solution:**

Draw AE ⊥ BC, B – E – C.

BC = BD + DC [B – D – C]

∴ 20 = 7 + DC

∴ DC = 20 – 7 = 13

**Question 3.Ratio of areas of two triangles with equal heights is 2 : 3. If base of the smaller triangle is 6 cm, then what is the corresponding base of the bigger triangle?Solution:**

Let A

_{1}and A

_{2}be the areas of two triangles. Let b

_{1}and b

_{2}be their corresponding bases.

A

_{1}: A

_{2}= 2 : 3

∴ The corresponding base of the bigger triangle is 9 cm.

**Question 4.Solution:**

∆ABC and ∆DCB have same base BC.

**Question 5.In the adjoining figure, PM = 10 cm, A(∆PQS) = 100 sq. cm,A(∆QRS) = 110 sq. cm, then find NR.Solution:**

∴ NR = 11 cm

**Question 6.Solution:**

∆MNT- ∆QRS [Given]

∴ ∠M ≅ ∠Q (i) [Corresponding angles of similar triangles]

In ∆MLT and ∆QPS,

∠M ≅ ∠Q [From (i)]

∠MLT ≅ ∠QPS [Each angle is of measure 90°]

∴ ∆MLT ~ ∆QPS [AA test of similarity]

**Question 7.In the adjoining figure, A – D – C and B – E – C. seg DE || side AB. If AD = 5, DC = 3, BC = 6.4, then find BE.Solution:**

In ∆ABC,

∴ 3x = 5 (6.4 – x)

∴ 3x = 32 – 5x

∴ 8x = 32

∴ x = 328 =4

∴ BE = 4 units

**Question 8.In the adjoining figure, seg PA, seg QB, seg RC and seg SD are perpendicular to line AD. AB = 60, BC = 70, CD = 80, PS = 280, then find PQ, QR and RS.Solution:**

seg PA, seg QB, seg RC and seg SD are perpendicular to line AD. [Given]

∴ seg PA || seg QB || seg RC || seg SD (i) [Lines perpendicular to the same line are parallel to each other]

Let the value of PQ be x and that of QR be y.

PS = PQ + QS [P – Q – S]

∴ 280 – x + QS

∴ QS = 280 – x (ii)

Now, seg PA || seg QB || seg SD [From (i)]

QS = 280 – x [From (ii)]

= 280 – 80

= 200 units

But, QS = QR + RS [Q – R – S]

∴ 200 = y + RS

∴ RS = 200 – y (ii)

Now, seg QB || seg RC || seg SD [From (i)]

**Question 9.In ∆PQR, seg PM is a median. Angle bisectors of ∠PMQ and ∠PMR intersect side PQ and side PR in points X and Y respectively. Prove that XY || QRComplete the proof by filling in the boxes.Solution:**

Proof:

In ∆PMQ, ray MX is bisector of ∠PMQ.

**Question 10.In the adjoining figure, bisectors of ∠B and ∠C of ∆ABC intersect each other in point X. Line AX intersects side BC in point Y.AB = 5, AC = 4, BC = 6, then find AX/XY.Solution:**

Let the value of BY be x.

BC = BY + YC [B – Y – C]

∴ 6 = x + YC

∴ YC = 6 – x

in ∆BAY, ray BX bisects ∠B. [Given]

Also, in ∆CAY, ray CX bisects ∠C. [Given]

**Question 11.In ꠸ABCD, seg AD || seg BC. Diagonal AC and diagonal BD intersect each other in point P. Then show that APPD Solution:**

proof:

seg AD || seg BC and BD is their transversal. [Given]

∴ ∠DBC ≅ ∠BDA [Alternate angles]

∴ ∠PBC ≅ ∠PDA (i) [D – P – B]

In ∆PBC and ∆PDA,

∠PBC ≅ ∠PDA [From (i)]

∠BPC ≅ ∠DPA [Vertically opposite angles]

∴ ∆PBC ~ ∆PDA [AA test of similarity]

**Question 12.In the adjoining figure, XY || seg AC. If 2 AX = 3 BX and XY = 9, complete the activity to find the value of AC.Solution:**
2 AX = 3 BX [Given]

**Question 13.In the adjoining figure, the vertices of square DEFG are on the sides of ∆ABC. If ∠A = 90°, then prove that DE ^{2} = BD × EC.(Hint: Show that ∆GBD is similar to ∆ CFE. Use GD = FE = DE.)Solution:**

proof:

꠸DEFG is a square.

∴ DE = EF = GF = GD (i) [Sides of a square]

∠GDE = ∠DEF = 90° [Angles of a square]

∴ seg GD ⊥ side BC, seg FE ⊥ side BC (ii)

In ∆BAC and ∆BDG,

∠BAC ≅ ∠BDG [From (ii), each angle is of measure 90°]

∠ABC ≅ ∠DBG [Common angle]

∴ ∆BAC – ∆BDG (iii) [AA test of similarity]

In ∆BAC and ∆FEC,

∠BAC ≅ ∠FEC [From (ii), each angle is measure 90°]

∠ACB ≅ ∠ECF [Common angle]

∴ ∆BAC – ∆FEC (iv) [AA test of similarity]

∴ ∆BDG – ∆FEC [From (iii) and (iv)]

∴ BD/EF = GD/EC (v) [Corresponding sides of similar triangles]

∴ BD/DE = DE/CE [From (i) and (v)]

∴ DE

^{2}= BD × EC