**Chapter 4 Geometric Constructions Set 4.2**

**Chapter 4 Geometric Constructions Set 4.2**

**Question 1.Construct a tangent to a circle with centre P and radius 3.2 cm at any point M on it.Solution:**

Analysis:

seg PM âŠ¥ line l â€¦.[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

The perpendicular to seg PM at point M will give the required tangent at M.

**Question 2.Draw a circle of radius 2.7 cm. Draw a tangent to the circle at any point on it.Solution:**

Analysis:

seg OM âŠ¥ line l â€¦[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

The perpendicular to seg OM at point M will give the required tangent at M.

**Question 3.Draw a circle of radius 3.6 cm. Draw a tangent to the circle at any point on it without using the centre.Solution:**

Analysis:

As shown in the figure, line lis a tangent to the circle at point K.

seg BK is a chord of the circle and LBAK is an inscribed angle.

By tangent secant angle theorem,

âˆ BAK = âˆ BKR

By converse of tangent secant angle theorem,

If we draw âˆ BKR such that âˆ BKR = âˆ BAK, then ray KR

i.e. (line l) is a tangent at point K.

**Question 4.Draw a circle of radius 3.3 cm. Draw a chord PQ of length 6.6 cm. Draw tangents to the circle at points P and Q. Write your observation about the tangents.Solution:**

Analysis:

seg OP âŠ¥ line l â€¦[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

seg OQ âŠ¥ line m

The perpendicular to seg OP and seg OQ at points P and Q

respectively will give the required tangents at P and Q.

Radius = 3.3 cm

âˆ´ Diameter = 2 Ã— 3.3 = 6.6 cm

âˆ´ Chord PQ is the diameter of the circle.

âˆ´ The tangents through points P and Q (endpoints of diameter) are parallel to each other.

**Question 5.Draw a circle with radius 3.4 cm. Draw a chord MN of length 5.7 cm in it. Construct tangents at points M and N to the circle.Solution:**
Analysis:

seg ON âŠ¥ linel l

seg OM âŠ¥ Iine m â€¦â€¦.[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

The perpendicular to seg ON and seg 0M at points N and M respectively will give the required tangents at N and M.

**Question 6.Draw a circle with centre P and radius 3.4 cm. Take point Q at a distance 5.5 cm from the centre. Construct tangents to the circle from point Q.Solution:**

Analysis:

As shown in the figure, let Q be a point in the exterior of circle at a distance of 5.5 cm.

Let QR and QS be the tangents to the circle at points R and S respectively.

âˆ´ seg PR âŠ¥ tangent QR â€¦[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

âˆ´ âˆ PRQ = 90Â°

âˆ´ point R is on the circle having PQ as diameter. â€¦[Angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle]

Similarly, point S also lies on the circle having PQ as diameter.

âˆ´ Points R and S lie on the circle with PQ as diameter.

On drawing a circle with PQ as diameter, the points where it intersects the circle with centre P, will be the positions of points R and S respectively.

Ray QR and QS are the required tangents to the circle from point Q.

**Question 7.Draw a circle with radius 4.1 cm. Construct tangents to the circle from a point at a distance 7.3 cm from the centre.Solution:**
Analysis:

As shown in the figure, let Q be a point in the exterior of circle at a distance of 5.5 cm.

Let QR and QS be the tangents to the circle at points R and S respectively.

âˆ´ seg PR âŠ¥ tangent QR â€¦[Tangent is perpendicular to radius]

âˆ´ âˆ PRQ = 90Â°

âˆ´ point R is on the circle having PQ as diameter. â€¦[Angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle]

Similarly, point S also lies on the circle having PQ as diameter.

âˆ´ Points R and S lie on the circle with PQ as diameter.

On drawing a circle with PQ as diameter, the points where it intersects the circle with centre P, will be the positions of points R and S respectively.

Ray QR and QS are the required tangents to the circle from point Q.